The Dictator’s Pattern


Naomi Wolf (2007) affirms that dictators have the same pattern in history to close an open society with:

  1. invoke an internal and external threat.
  2. secret prisons where torture takes place.
  3. develop a paramilitary force.
  4. surveil ordinary citizens.
  5. infiltrate the citizen’s group.
  6. detain and release ordinary citizens.
  7. target key individuals.
  8. restrict the press.
  9. recast criticism as espionage and dissent as treason.
  10. subvert the rule of law.

See an interview and a documentary video about Naomi’s book:

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